Samuel Ibn Tibbon (c. –) was a translator, philosopher, and philosophical commentator on the Bible. He is most famous for his. Judah ben Saul ibn Tibbon, (born , Granada, Spain—died c. , Marseille ), Jewish physician and translator of Jewish Arabic-language works into. Jacob ben Tibbon is also known by the Latin version of his name, Prophatius Judaeus, and in Provence he is known by the name Don Pro Fiat. The ibn Tibbon .

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Thus he uses rabbinic as well as biblical expressions, follows the syntax of the Arabic, and coins new terms, based on the model of the Arabic.

Ibn Tibbon

Because of this, I have translated the Arabic term rasm into Hebrew as hoq. He recommends Samuel to practise writing in Arabic, since Jews like Samuel ha-Nagidfor example, attained rank and position solely through being able to write in that language.

In the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, Ibn Tibbon was second to none as Maimonidean authority in tibhon and philosophical exegesis. He was born about in Lunel Languedocand died about in Marseilles.

Thus, in addition to classical Jewish ubn language, Hebrew Bible, and Rabbinic literature—Samuel studied Arabic, philosophy and medicine. Let tibon waters be gathered Gen 1: He then introduces a biblical text, Jeremiah 9: This description reads as follows:. Judah lived on terms of intimacy with Meshullam ben Jacob and with Meshullam’s two sons, Asher and Aaron, whom in his will he recommends as friends to his only son, Samuel.

Thus he acquired extensive knowledge of al-Farabi, cited and discussed Avicenna, and was one of the first scholars to make use of Averroes and al-Bitruji. Bahya ben Joseph ibn Pakudadayyan— i. Samuel ibn Tibbon’s translation is preceded by an introduction.


Jacob ben Machir ibn Tibbon

Maimonides, Eight ChaptersJ. But promoting Maimonides meant engaging philosophy more generally as well. These are inferior to the generally accepted premises; and they are certainly inferior to the demonstrative.

In addition he often coined Hebrew terms to accommodate the ideas of the authors he was translating. His discussion of three biblical texts, all relating to the final aim of human existence, are especially important.

This is what he was trained to tibbbon by his father.

Ibn Tibbon, Judah ben Saul – Brill Reference

The commentary is a large and digressive work, including a tivbon preface, a verse-by-verse commentary, and several digressions, in which Ibn Tibbon introduces a philosophical subject or explains a related verse in Genesis, Jeremiah, Psalms, Proverbs, or the Song of Songs. Retrieved 7 June Song of Songs 5: Ibn Tibbon’s understanding of Ecclesiastes as a whole is as follows: Building upon Aristotelian treatments of this problem, he presents four possible human ends: In the following generation, the entire text of al-Bitruji was translated by Samuel’s son Moses.

It is also evident that despite his dependence on Maimonides, Ibn Tibbon sometimes comes up with insights that are very much his own.

What I would like to do here is present a brief synthetic characterization of Ibn Tibbon’s method of translation based on these sources. There he emphasizes the importance of word order in the construction of meaning.

Goldenthal, Leipzig,p.

Al-Harizi was right about one thing: It is precisely this interesting philosophical-exegetical give and take, the free discussion of ideas within a fixed biblical framework, that characterized the Maimonidean tradition of philosophy and exegesis, which was founded by Ibn Tibbon and continued by his descendents, disciples, and admirers. University of California Press. Ibn Tibbon translated it, and, it seems, sent it to Toledo, tibbkn it was retranslated into Arabic and translated afresh by Judah al-Harizi into a more fluid and readable Hebrew style.


Look over thy Hebrew books every month, thy Arabic ones every two months, thy bound books every three tibboj.

Commentary on Eccl 1: The latter verses he explains in relation to the possibility of repentance: He explains that the table and shewbread, and the very sensuous sacrificial cult in general, serves as a lesson in theology.

Maimonides, Guide of the Perplexed Ibn Tibbon began to work on this kbn already in the s, corresponded with Maimonides regarding problems of translation and interpretation, produced a first edition inand a revised version, with glossary Perush ha-Millot ha-Zarotin He traveled to BarcelonaToledoand Alexandria — It is a Jewish philosophical classic discussing the relationship between reason and divine revelation.

For example, al-Kindi, Avicenna, and Isaac Israeli all wrote books of definitions. Print Save Cite Email Share. Interesting are Judah’s references to his library as his “best treasure”, his “best companion”, and to his book-shelves as “the most beautiful pleasure-gardens. The distinction of Samuel’s translation is its accuracy and faithfulness to the original. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Civil War American History: Tubbon using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.