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True economy in architecture is desig using inte- rior materials but the omission of useless decoration and the inclusion of sensible planning. When mouldingsareused,thecurvesshouldbe f latter and more subtle. And they all have an ultimate strength beyond which they cannot ex- tendthemselves without fracturing,breakingor coll apsing.

The interests of the people dictate the type and ap- pearance of its buildings. Those who createdproducts required by their fellow men took pride in each article.

Thisisresponsibl eforaesthoticexpression;f orarchitectureinitshighestforrn, whicfiresultinbuildingof theatres,museums, etc. They did not build on a grand scale, but rather sought for purity of detail and develop- ment of technical skill.

The word orientation comes from”orient” the direction of sunrise. It is the foundationupon whichthe scheme of the structure rests.

Therealdimensionsofform,itslength,widthanddepth;while thesedimensionsdeterminethe proportionsof a form,its scaleis determinedby its sizerelative to other formsin its context.

The social life of a nation and the resulting architecture are linked arcuitectural with the economic conditions under which people live. To outline a number of approaches to Design Physical,religious, symbolic, historical, etc. Thiselaboratearchitecturelinedwideavenueslavishlydecoratedwith fountains and gardens-all designed for the purpose of being ostentatious.

During the present century the concentration of wealth in our cities has been responsible for our attitude toward certain types of architecture. Or”scripts”canbewrittenthatcoordinateactivitiesforemergencies,normalhousehold maintenance, even family tends to take care of intruders, a security script: Investments rule our lives, and the process of building must lend an attentive earto the caprices of finance.


George Salvan Architectural Theories of Design

Social etiquette was so complicatedthat all naturalness was aban- doned. Modern churchesnow aredesignedtoprovide mental,physical,aswellas spiritualrelaxation. TheInterior looks likethe tv seriesStar Trek. If it is correctly composed in an arresting manner, mass alone will arouse a de- finite emotionalreaction. Contemporary principles are concerned with planning for human needs and are not confined geroge the field of architecture alone.

It isnecessary that one clearly dominate theother that the elementof a contrast will be present. Other func- tions which it can do are showing the weak spots in a design for structural parts.

It willtake 13 computers,14 telephones,26 tv monitors,8 miles 13kml of wiring,several videocasetterecordersfor thisfut urehome. In the past, museums were designed to resemble palaces with little thought to the education andcomfort of the public.

Be- causetheseelementsaremass- – producedinfactories,theyhave standardsizesandproportionsim- posed on themby the individual manu- factures.

The newspaper is also a powerful agency in the attempt to keep people inform- eduponthecurrentaffairsofthenations,andlibrariesandmuseumsoffer unlimitedfacilities to those who wouldreadandstudy. This requires in- itiative,patience and energy. Buildingswerecrowdedwith salvn details wl;lichhidstructurallinesandoftenpreventedtruth of ex- pression. As nations modify their basic economic institutions salvzn changes in manufacture, trans- portation, and communication, new modes of living come into existence, and new architec- ture must bedevelopedto conformto these customs.

By his appearance,something isknown of hisinterests from t hetypeof house inwhich helives. Then the chris- tianreligionbuilt churchestoholdcongregationtoparticipateinthe wor- shipping of God.

Thus, there exist the invisible and visible structures, or the plan pat- ternand the apparent volume. Man’s economic system remained unchanged for centuries-until the present industrial age.

It can evenbe pf show the shadesandshadowsat selected different times of the day. No part of this book may bein any manner without permission of the publisher.

Ideastraveledslowly,andthecustomsandattsofdifferent countries assumeddefinite nationalpatterns.

George Salvan Architectural Theories of Design

Manbegins to create shelter by surrounding space with the materials provided by nature and made usable dedign the ingenuity of civilizedpeopl es. Today, modern manerectsstructuresto protect hisinvestment from depreciation andhimself fromthe curiosityof hisneighbors. Walls areno longer bearing walls. Desire for Self-Expression-This is the urge of man to as,serthimself as an individual.


These were difficult to obtain under the restrictionsof the19thC. When the Gothic builders learned the art and science of transmitting t he thrust or weight of the vaults to isolated buttresses. New activities havecalledfor struc- tures to housethem,andnew materials andtypes of construction have made these tgeories ings possible.

Man alsoinvented machines for air conditioning, heating, ventilating andthis machine age brought about the suggestionof windowless buildings. In architrctural designof a build- ing, “we should proceed from the general to the particular”.

Standardization is more prevalent thanindividualism.

The automobile has made it pos- sible for us to live many miles from our work but has created atraffic problem. Buildings may be so designed that thete is economy of space, of movement, and of materials.

In- tellect or reason architecturao may erect a utilitarian building; emotion will endow itwith beauty andinterest. It will benoticedthat the diagonals passthroughimportant parts inthe composition. Recessedlighting along thewalledges adds to the effect.

Sincebeams transmittheirloads nori- zontallyacrossspacetotheirvertical supports,itsdepth,thereforeisthe criticaldimension. We erect structures many stories in height, but mechanical salvam render them obsolete in a few years and they must make way for those with later developments.

Thepresent century-an age of competition and mass production. Las vacunas salvan vidas Documents.